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THE HUMAN RIGHTS CENTRE UGANDA

Defending Human Rights Defenders


Public Order Management Act

HRC Defenders Uganda

 

The Public Order Order Management Act, 2013 (POMA) is a law that provides for the regulation of public meetings. The POMA provides for the duties and responsibilities of the police, organizers and participants in relation to public meetings. This law also prescribes measures for safeguarding public order and for related matters.

For any comments please email us on info@hrcug.org or bbunya@hrcug.org

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The Anti – Pornography Act, 2014

HRC Defenders Uganda

 

The Anti – Pornography Act, 2014

An act to define and create the offence of pornography; to provide for the prohibition of pornography; to establish the Pornography Control Committee and prescribe its functions; and for other related matters.

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The prevention and prohibition of torture act, 2012

HRC Defenders Uganda

 

The prevention and prohibition of torture act, 2012

An Act to give effect, in accordance with Article 24 and 44(a) of the constitution, to the respect of human dignity and protection from inhuman treatment by prohibiting and preventing any form of torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment; to provide for the crime of torture; to give effect to the obligations of Uganda as a State Party to the United Nation’s Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment and other related matters

For any comment email us on info@hrcug.org / bbunya@hrcug.org

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THE TEN CRITICAL HUMAN RIGHTS CHALLENGES

HRC Defenders Uganda

 

The Government of Uganda is committed to the promotion and protection of human rights in Uganda as illustrated by: the provisions in the constitution and other laws; the ratification of international and regional human rights instruments for human rights protection and the establishment of the Uganda Human Rights Commission and the Equal Opportunities Commission, among other things

The Human Rights Centre-Uganda and its partners have identified 10 critical human rights challenges that should be addressed by Parliament in order to enhance human rights protection in Uganda.

  1. Lack of Respect for Rule of Law
  2. Insufficient attention to economic, social and cultural rights
  3. Violations of fundamental freedoms of opinion, expression, assembly and association
  4. Rampant Corruption
  5. High Unemployment rate
  6. Torture and ill treatment
  7.  Sexual and Gender Based Violence
  8.  Inadequate civic education
  9.  Human Trafficking
  10. Narrowing Space for Civil Society work 

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Guide

HRC Defenders Uganda

 

Human rights belong to all Ugandans, and it is the duty of the Executive, Legislature and Judiciary to protect and enforce those rights. The Committee on Human Rights in Parliament was created in July 2012. It has a mandate which is dedicated to human rights.It is important in a democracy to ensure that there is justice and all rights are defended, and that is what is expected of this Committee.The Committee will be charged with monitoring Government’s observance of human rights. The mandate has already been defined by Rule 174 of the Rules of Procedure of Parliament and the Members of Parliament serving on the Committee are expected to adhere to it. This booklet explains to the people of Uganda what the Committee on Human Rights is, its importance and its functions.

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Uganda - The Management of Elections 2010

 

Uganda - The Management of Elections 2010

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  • By: sckawooya
    Parliament’s role in promoting Constitutionalism: Constitutionalism is the idea that a government can and should be limited in its powers by a fundamental law or set of laws, beyond the reach of an individual government to amend them; whose authority depends on its observing of these limitations. The Constitution of the Republic of Uganda, 1995 as amended provides for a system of checks and balances amongst the 3 arms of government: Executive, Legislature and Judiciary. These three arms of government are each charged with specific duties. The Executive is charged with the duty to implement and maintain the Constitution and laws made under the Constitution; the Legislature is charged with the duty of formulating laws for the Country, which should be in conformity with the Constitution. Parliament is also charged with the duty to protect the Constitution and promote the democratic governance of Uganda; the Judiciary is the justice dispensing arm of government. Parliament is the legislative, elected body of government tasked with passing laws of Uganda that provide for good governance and playing the oversight role of the other arms of government. Parliament is thus the representation of the people. Parliament is principally charged with 2 roles in promoting constitutionalism. These have been enshrined in the 1995 Constitution of the Republic of Uganda; protecting the Constitution and holding the Executive accountable. Protecting the Constitution In order to appreciate this duty imposed on Parliament, Uganda’s history with regard to the constitutions had and the making of the 1995 Constitution should be noted. Benjamin J. Odoki, in his essay, “The Challenges of Constitution-making and Implementation in Uganda” he noted that the making of a new constitution in Uganda demonstrated the desire of the people to fundamentally change their system of governance into a truly democratic one. Further that the process was thus a major step towards the democratization of the country which had experienced nearly thirty years of oppression, tyranny and exploitation. The history of Uganda’s constitutionalism road is that up until 1995, Uganda had had 3 constitutions namely: 1962, 1966 and 1967 Constitutions. It should be noted that in making of these constitutions, massive consultations of the citizens was not done by the responsible authorities. They had simply been enacted, and handed down to be implemented. It could thus be argued that the views of the people had not been reflected in the Constitutions. Thus, in 1988, the Uganda Constitution Commission was established and it spearheaded the task of making the Constitution that was promulgated in 1995 by the Constituent assembly. The making of the Constitution was distinctly characterized by popular participation by the people which was achieved through wide consultation and national public debate. The Constitution under Article 79 lays down the functions of Parliament which are to make laws and protect the constitution and promote democratic governance of Uganda. The duty of protecting the constitution would among others include preserving the spirit of the constitution that way it is not amended or altered veering off the purpose of the people. Since 1995, the constitution has been amended a number of times; including September and December 2005. The amendments have among others been for the creation of new districts, new offices, creation of special courts to handle offences relating to corruption, remove the limits on the tenure of office of the President. The role of parliament in protecting the constitution must be to vote either for or against an amendment of the constitution whilst being mindful of the Uganda’s history. Parliament should also be mindful of the fact that the constitution that was promulgated in 1995 was one that reflected the views of the people who had lived through the oppression and tyranny that characterizes our past as a nation. Parliament is further urged to not only look at the present and past but also the future. Ideally, the test should be that if an amendment years down the road can easily lead to oppression or tyranny stands to be exploited to the detriment of Uganda and her citizens, that amendment should not be allowed. As earlier noted, Constitutionalism is about ensuring that governance is done in accordance with the law and not the whim of the government of the day. Similarly, the constitution should not be easily and frequently amended to suit the needs of the government of the day. And this is what in principle the duty of protecting the constitution is all about. Holding the Executive accountable As noted earlier, each arm of government has certain controls over the other 2 arms. For Parliament, it principally has the duty of holding the Executive or the state accountable for all decisions that it makes as well as its actions. This is provided for under the national objective I which makes it clear that the President has to report to Parliament and the nation all steps taken to ensure the realization of the national objectives and directive principles of state policy. The goal of holding the Executive accountable is such that there is difficulty in the State abusing the power that it is given by law. Parliament, in fulfilling this duty has held weekly plenary sessions in which the Prime Minister is tasked to explain state actions of lack thereof on issues, and through the parliamentary committee sessions, has held the state accountable. The expectation for the 10th Parliament is that it does not take the trend of the 9th Parliament, which during its first year was seen to be assertive and its actions promoting constitutionalism and over the course of time became less active with the fire unfortunately dying out. Members of Parliament should at all times be mindful of Parliament’s role in promoting constitutionalism and in all decisions have them at the forefront as they are the key in protecting Uganda from ever experiencing the past that we have worked so hard to distance ourselves from.

  • By: jose
    UN expert hails role of equality bodies and action plans in combating racism: NEW YORK / GENEVA (2 November 2016) – States should maximize the use of specialized equality bodies and national action plans to tackle racism and xenophobia, a United Nations human rights expert has said. Using these tools was key to identifying the causes and shaping new policies, said the Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance, Mutuma Ruteere. “National specialized bodies and national action plans address the root causes of discrimination in areas such as employment, housing, education, the justice system, law enforcement and access to different goods and services,” Mr. Ruteree said, presenting a report* to the UN General Assembly. “They also drive change in State and private organizations Read the Special Rapporteur’s report: http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/71/325

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