HRDs Report 2018
Key positive developments were the passing of legislation, which enhances the work of HRDs. These were: the Prevention and Prohibition of Torture Act, 2012 which prohibits and criminalises acts of torture , the Whistle Blowers Act 2010 which protects individuals who disclose information which relates to irregular , illegal or corrupt practices and the Data Protection and Privacy Bill, 2015 which aims at protecting the privacy of individuals and personal data by regulating the collection and processing of personal information; and the Human Rights (Enforcement) Bill, 2015 which seeks to provide a procedure for enforcing human rights under Article 50(4) of the 1995 Constitution. However, there are still concerns about the lack of a law which protects HRDs; and with laws whose interpretation is vague and whose implementation has been subjective which has negatively impacted on rights of HRDs. National Human Rights Institutions have endeavoured to implement their various mandates, however their effectiveness has been hindered by among others persistent constraints of inadequate financial and human resources as well as failure to respect the rule of law.